The goal of this article is to explain how the Internet worked until it evolved into what we now know as “the commercial internet.”

The History of the Internet

The Internet is one of the most important inventions in history, and it has had a profound impact on our lives. The first computers were connected to each other using a network called ARPANET, which was created in the early 1960s. In the 1980s, commercial ISPs began to emerge, and the Internet became widespread. The growth of the Internet has led to many innovations, including the World Wide Web.

The history of the Internet can be traced back to the early days of ARPANET, which was a research network established in the early 1960s. The network initially consisted of only a few nodes and was used for research purposes.

In 1969, the first commercial internet service provider (ISP) was founded by J.C.R. Licklider and Robert Taylor. At that time, there were only a handful of ISPs, and most users connected to the network via terminal servers or mainframe computers.

Today, the internet is an essential part of daily life worldwide. It has enabled businesses and individuals to connect with each other across continents and has allowed billions of people to access information and applications online.

How We Got Here

In the early days of the Internet, research institutions and government agencies such as DARPA and NSF were responsible for its development. In 1969, ARPANET was created to link together various academic networks. Commercial ISPs began to emerge in the early 1980s when telecommunications companies started offering access to the network to businesses. The World Wide Web emerged in 1989 when Tim Berners-Lee developed a hypertext markup language (HTML) that allowed pages on the Internet to be linked together. In 1991, Berners-Lee submitted his proposal for what would become known as the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), which led to the creation of HTTP and HTML standards.

How a Few Companies Control the Internet?

The Internet was originally developed as a research project by the United States Department of Defense in the early 1960s. Today, the majority of the world’s online traffic is controlled by just a handful of commercial ISPs. These companies – like Comcast, Verizon, and AT&T – control not only what we see online, but how we access the Web and use technology.

How do these big companies get so much control over the Internet?

Back in the early days of the Internet, there were only a few networks connected to one another. ARPANET was one of these networks, and it was used primarily by researchers at universities. As Internet usage grew more popular, however, commercial entities began to develop their own networks.

These early networks were relatively small in comparison to today’s giants. For example, America Online (AOL) had just 10 million subscribers back in 1995! However, AOL was able to become one of the largest providers of Internet content due to its monopoly on dial-up access.

Today’s ISPs are still able to gain a monopoly through market dominance. This means that they have a large share of the available bandwidth and customers, which gives them significant power over how users access the Web. In addition, these companies often purchase exclusive rights to specific technologies or services from inventors or developers. This means that they can restrict user’s access to certain websites or applications unless they pay an additional fee.


The Current Structure of the Internet

The Internet is a global system of interconnected networks that use the Internet Protocol Suite (IP) to communicate with each other. In 1984, the National Science Foundation (NSF) funded the development of NSFNET, which allowed universities and research organizations to connect with each other.

In 1990, commercial ISPs began offering services that allowed users to connect to the global network. Today, there are an estimated 4,000 commercial ISPs operating in more than 190 countries. The largest ISPs include Comcast, AT&T, Verizon, and British Telecom.

-How to Access the Internet Today

ARPANET the first computer network was developed in the early 1960s. This was a network of research institutions that shared resources like printers and computers. Two commercial networks were created in 1969. The National Science Foundation’s (NSF) NETwork, which connected universities. The other was the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency’s (DARPA) ARPANET. Which connected military organizations. The NSFNET was decommissioned in 1995 and the DARPA ARPANET was shut down in 1990.

Today, the internet is a vast network of interconnected systems that span the globe. Commercial providers offer access to the internet through an ISP or a telecommunications company. The ISPs provide access to their customers through their own networks or those of other providers. There are many different types of connections to the internet. It can be accessed through a telephone line, satellite link, cable modem, or Fiber-Optic Cable connection.

The internet has changed dramatically over its history from its early days. As a research network connecting universities to its current role as a global communication system. While there have been many changes and improvements made to the internet over time. It is an indispensable tool for both business and personal use.


The Internet is one of the most important inventions in history. It has changed the way we live our lives in innumerable ways. In this article, I will be discussing its origins and how it has evolved over time. From its early days as a research project within the Department of Defense to today’s commercial ISPs. I hope you find this article interesting and informative.